Absence Epilepsy, Childhood

A Childhood Seizure Disorder characterized by rhythmic electrical Brain discharges of generalized onset. Clinical features include a sudden cessation of ongoing activity usually without loss of postural tone. Rhythmic Blinking of the eyelids or lip smacking frequently accompanies the Seizures. The usual duration is 5-10 seconds, and multiple episodes may occur daily. Juvenile absence Epilepsy is characterized by the juvenile onset of absence Seizures and an increased Incidence of Myoclonus and tonic-clonic Seizures. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p736)