Activation, Virus

The mechanism by which latent Viruses, such as genetically transmitted Tumor Viruses (Proviruses) or Prophages of lysogenic Bacteria, are induced to replicate and then released as infectious Viruses. It may be effected by various endogenous and exogenous stimuli, including B-Cell Lipopolysaccharides, glucocorticoid Hormones, halogenated Pyrimidines, Ionizing Radiation, Ultraviolet Light, and superinfecting Viruses.