Airway, Laryngeal Mask

A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal Intubation and standard Mask Anesthesia in certain Patients. It is introduced into the Hypopharynx to form a seal around the Larynx thus permitting spontaneous or Positive Pressure Ventilation without penetration of the Larynx or Esophagus. It is used in place of a FaceMask in routine Anesthesia. The advantages over standard Mask Anesthesia are better Airway Control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during Patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.