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Animal Care Committee

Institutional committees established to protect the welfare of Animals used in Research and Education. The 1971 NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals introduced the Policy that institutions using warm-blooded Animals in projects supported by NIH grants either be accredited by a recognized professional Laboratory Animal accrediting body or establish its own committee to evaluate Animal care; the Public Health Service adopted a Policy in 1979 requiring such committees; and the 1985 amendments to the Animal Welfare Act mandate Review and approval of federally funded Research with Animals by a formally designated Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC).