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Endoplasmic Reticulum

A system of cisternae in the Cytoplasm of many Cells. In places the endoplasmic Reticulum is continuous with the Plasma Membrane (Cell Membrane) or outer Membrane of the Nuclear Envelope. If the outer surfaces of the endoplasmic Reticulum Membranes are coated with Ribosomes, the endoplasmic Reticulum is said to be rough-surfaced (Endoplasmic Reticulum, Rough); otherwise it is said to be smooth-surfaced (Endoplasmic Reticulum, Smooth). (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)