Ocular Motility Disorders


Brown Tendon Sheath Syndrome

Brown's Tendon Sheath Syndrome

Conjugate Gaze Spasm

Conjugate Gaze Spasms

Convergence Excess

Convergence Excesses

Convergence Insufficiencies

Convergence Insufficiency



Deficiencies, Smooth Pursuit

Deficiency, Smooth Pursuit

Deviation, Skew

Deviations, Skew

Dyskinesia, Paroxysmal Ocular

Dyskinesias, Paroxysmal Ocular

Excess, Convergence

Eye Motility Disorder

Eye Motility Disorders

Eye Movement Disorder

Eye Movement Disorders

Gaze Spasms, Conjugate

Insufficiencies, Convergence

Insufficiency, Convergence

Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia

Internuclear Ophthalmoplegias

Ocular Dyskinesia, Paroxysmal

Ocular Dyskinesias, Paroxysmal

Ocular Motility Disorder

Ocular Torticollis

Ophthalmoplegia, Internuclear

Ophthalmoplegias, Internuclear


Parinaud Syndrome

Parinaud's Syndrome

Parinauds Syndrome

Paroxysmal Ocular Dyskinesia

Paroxysmal Ocular Dyskinesias



Pursuit Deficiencies, Smooth

Pursuit Deficiency, Smooth

Skew Deviation

Skew Deviations

Smooth Pursuit Deficiencies

Smooth Pursuit Deficiency

Spasm of Conjugate Gaze

Syndrome, Brown's Tendon Sheath

Syndrome, Parinaud

Syndrome, Parinaud's

Tendon Sheath Syndrome of Brown

Disorders that feature impairment of eye movements as a primary manifestation of disease. These conditions may be divided into infranuclear, nuclear, and supranuclear disorders. Diseases of the eye muscles or oculomotor cranial nerves (III, IV, and VI) are considered infranuclear. Nuclear disorders are caused by disease of the oculomotor, trochlear, or abducens nuclei in the BRAIN STEM. Supranuclear disorders are produced by dysfunction of higher order sensory and motor systems that control eye movements, including neural networks in the CEREBRAL CORTEX; BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; and BRAIN STEM. Ocular torticollis refers to a head tilt that is caused by an ocular misalignment. Opsoclonus refers to rapid, conjugate oscillations of the eyes in multiple directions, which may occur as a parainfectious or paraneoplastic condition (e.g., OPSOCLONUS-MYOCLONUS SYNDROME). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p240)