Kidney Failure, Chronic


Chronic Kidney Failure

Chronic Renal Failure

Disease, End-Stage Kidney

Disease, End-Stage Renal


End Stage Kidney Disease

End Stage Renal Disease

End-Stage Kidney Disease

End-Stage Renal Disease

End-Stage Renal Failure

Kidney Disease, End-Stage

Renal Disease, End Stage

Renal Disease, End-Stage

Renal Failure, Chronic

Renal Failure, End Stage

Renal Failure, End-Stage

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.