Sleep Apnea, Obstructive


Apnea, Obstructive Sleep

Apneas, Obstructive Sleep


Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Obstructive Sleep Apneas

Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome

Sleep Apnea Syndrome, Obstructive

Sleep Apneas, Obstructive

Syndrome, Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Syndrome, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

Syndrome, Upper Airway Resistance, Sleep Apnea

Upper Airway Resistance Sleep Apnea Syndrome

A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)