ALD (Adrenoleukodystrophy)

Addison Disease and Cerebral Sclerosis

Adrenoleukodystrophy, X-Linked


Bronze Schilder Disease

Leukodystrophies, Melanodermic

Leukodystrophy, Melanodermic

Melanodermic Leukodystrophy

Schilder Addison Complex

Schilder-Addison Complex

Siemerling Creutzfeldt Disease

Siemerling-Creutzfeldt Disease


X ALD (X Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy)

X Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy


X-ALD (X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy)

X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy

An X-linked recessive disorder characterized by the accumulation of saturated very long chain fatty acids in the LYSOSOMES of ADRENAL CORTEX and the white matter of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This disease occurs almost exclusively in the males. Clinical features include the childhood onset of ATAXIA; NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HYPERPIGMENTATION; ADRENAL INSUFFICIENCY; SEIZURES; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and DEMENTIA. The slowly progressive adult form is called adrenomyeloneuropathy. The defective gene ABCD1 is located at Xq28, and encodes the adrenoleukodystrophy protein (ATP-BINDING CASSETTE TRANSPORTERS).